Samples from Phobos returned to Earth in the Australian desert.
Return module separates from probe and departs for Earth.
May & August 2028
End of close-up observation of Phobos and flybys of Deimos.
April and summer 2027
Samples collected from two different sites on Phobos.
French-German rover set down on the surface of Phobos.
MMX arrives in orbit around Phobos.
MMX arrives and goes into Martian orbit. Begins scientific observations of Phobos.
Mission lifts off from Tanegashima launch base, Japan, atop an H-3 launcher and begins cruise to Mars.
Flight model of the French-German rover and MIRS instrument delivered to Japan. Flight models integrated with the spacecraft.
1er February 2020
Mission officially enters development phase, aiming for departure in 2024.
18, 19 & 24 June 2019
DLR-JAXA, DLR-CNES and CNES-JAXA sign agreements for phase B of the rover and France’s contributions to the MMX mission.
3 October 2018
CNES, DLR (Germany) and JAXA (Japan) sign joint statement regarding development of a rover for the MMX mission.
21 April 2017
France and Japan sign a cooperation agreement on a feasibility study (Phase A) for France’s participation in the MMX mission.
9 June 2015
JAXA unveils the Martian Moons eXploration mission and its intention to bring back samples from Mars’ moons, with a target launch date of 2022.